Phlebotomy Pages
Drawing Blood as a Career

 

 

 

Enter Zip Code:
Program:
Degree:
Type: Online Campus Both

 

Vocational training in your area

Blood Collection Tubes and Additives 

dash

Flash Cards:

Collection Tubes and their Additives

List of Collection Tubes, Additives and Effects

Red Top
Contains:
None
Effects on Specimen:
Blood clots, and the serum is separated by centrifugation
Uses:
Chemistries, Immunology and Serology, Blood Bank (Crossmatch)
 
 
Red-Gray Mottled Top ("Tiger top")
Contains:
Serum Separating Tube (SST) with clot activator
Effects on Specimen:
Forms clot quickly and separates the serum with SST gel at the bottom of the tube
Uses:
Blood type screening and chemistries
 
 
Gold Top
Contains:
Separating gel and clot activator
Effects on Specimen:
Serum separator tube (SST) contains a gel at the bottom to separate blood from serum on centrifugation
Uses:
Serology, endocrine, immunology, including HIV
 
 
Light Green Top
Contains:
Plasma Separating Tube (Na Heparin)
Effects on Specimen:
Anticoagulants with lithium heparin; Plasma is separated with PST gel at the bottom of the tube
Uses:
Chemistries

Lavender/Purple Top
Contains:
EDTA (liquid form)
Effects on Specimen:
Forms calcium salts to remove calcium
Uses:
Hematology (CBC) and Blood Bank (Crossmatch); requires full draw - invert 8 times to prevent clotting and platelet clumping

Light Blue Top
Contains:
Sodium citrate (Na Citrate)
Effects on Specimen:
Forms calcium salts to remove calcium
Uses:
Coagulation tests (PT, PTT, TCT, CMV), tube must be filled 100% full.
Dark Green Top
Contains:
Sodium heparin or lithium heparin
Effects on Specimen:
Inactivates thrombin and thromboplastin
Uses:
Ammonia, lactate, HLA typing
For lithium level, use sodium heparin
For ammonia level, use sodium or lithium heparin!
Dark Blue/Royal Blue Top
Contains:
Sodium heparin or Na2 EDTA
Effects on Specimen:
Forms calcium salts
Tube is designed to contain no contaminating metals
Uses:
Toxicology and trace element testing (zinc, copper, lead, mercury) and drug level testing
 
 
Light Gray Top
Contains:
Sodium fluoride and potassium oxalate
Effects on Specimen:
Antiglycolytic agent preserves glucose up to 5 days
Uses:
For lithium level, use sodium heparin
Glucoses, requires full draw (may cause hemolysis if short draw)
 
 
Yellow Top
Contains:
ACD (acid-citrate-dextrose)
Effects on Specimen:
Complement inactivation
Uses:
Paternity testing, DNA studies
 
 
Tan/Brown Top
Contains:
Sodium heparin
Effects on Specimen:
Inactivates thrombin and thromboplastin
Uses:
Serum lead determination
 
 
Black Top
Contains:
Sodium citrate (buffered)
Effects on Specimen:
Forms calcium salts to remove calcium
Uses:
Westergren Sedimentation Rate; requires full draw
 
 
Orange Top
Contains:
Thrombin
Effects on Specimen:
Quickly clots blood
Uses:
STAT serum chemistries
 
 
Welcome

 

Navigation
 Back
 Regulations
 Order of Draw
 Tubes and Additives
 Blood Safety Tubes
 Blood Collection Safety
 
Jobs
 
what
job title, keywords
where
city, state, zip
jobs by job search
Free Flash Cards

Download of our popular free phlebotomy flash cards
study sheet right here...

blood drop bulletPhlebotomy Flash Cards


Tag Cloud